Syria is an Arab country located in the north-west of Asia. To the north the State of Turkey, To the east the State of Iraq, Jordan and Palestine on the south-west, while Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea cover our westren borders. Syria is distinguished by its status and its important geographical location as it is the link for all trade between the East and the West. this state is characterized by it's Mediterranean climate, in other words characterized by moderate rain in the winter, and dry climate in the summer.
14 Syrian Governorates: Damascus, Aleppo, Homs , Hama, Lattakia, Tartous, Sweida, Daraa, Raqqa, Hasaka, Deir Al-Zour, Idlib, Damascus Countryside and Quneitra.
Area: 185,000 Square kilometers
Population: 18.3 million inhabitants (2017 statistics)
Language: Arabic, French, English
Wattage: 220 V / 50 Hz
Weights and Measures: Meter and Gram
Public holidays: Fridays, Saturdays and public holidays
Time: Winter time starts from November to March (GMT +2 hours) And daylight saving time from April to October (+3 hours GMT)
Syria is divided geographically into several regions, namely:
Mountainous Regions: It contains many mountains and mountain ranges stretching north and south of Syria, parallel to the Mediterranean Sea.
Coastal areas: The area that is confined between mountains and the sea.
The Badia area: It is all the plains located in the south-east of Syria, specifically on the Iraqi and Jordanian borders, in addition to the existence of many mountain ranges up to 2800 meters above sea level.
The interior areas: The so-called plains areas. These areas include many plains such as Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, Daraa and Hama.
Syria is one of the richest countries in terms of tourism and archeology. Wherever you go in Syria, you will find many places worth visiting, which combine the beauty of the place with its charming nature and ancient and rare monuments. Damascus Castle: This fortress is located in the capital Damascus. Its shape is like a rectangle. It has three gates and 12 towers. It is surrounded by a trench with a width of about 20 meters.
Syria is known for its great position, as it links the countries of the Middle East to the West, which has facilitated trade between them. In addition to facilitating the import and export movement, Syria has two ports: Tartous port and Lattakia port.